By Kenneth Henshall
Masking the entire sweep of jap background, from old to modern, Henshall explores Japan's huge, immense influence at the smooth global, and the way important it's to envision the earlier and tradition of the rustic that allows you to complete comprehend its achievements and responses. Now in its 3rd version, this ebook is usefully up to date and revised.
About the Author:
Kenneth Henshall is Professor within the college of Languages and Cultures on the collage of Canterbury, New Zealand. He has released greater than a dozen books in a variety of fields. past variations of A heritage of Japan were translated into numerous languages, and he has lately written on jap background for Lonely Planet.
Note: retail PDF; bookmarked, comprises TOC.
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Additional info for A History of Japan: From Stone Age to Superpower (3rd Edition)
In Japan it was of a paternalistic and almost familial nature, and some of the terms for ‘lord’ and ‘vassal’ used ‘parent’ (oya) and ‘child’ (ko) respectively. At the same time, and rather paradoxically, family bonds do not seem to have counted for much in the warrior’s world, and so it is perhaps more accurate to see this personalisation simply as an expression of dislike for the abstract. The strength of the family was to be greatly exaggerated by later propaganda. Personal loyalty was a major factor in Yoritomo’s control over his own men.
With the combination of natural disasters and the Genpei (MinamotoTaira) War it must certainly have seemed to many that the world was being turned upside-down, and perhaps that the final phase of humankind predicted in mappo ¯ was indeed imminent. The general gloom and melancholy of these troubled times is reflected in the world-weary poetry of Saigyo ¯ (1118–90). An aristocrat and onetime imperial guard, who had met both Taira no Kiyomori and Minamoto no Yoritomo, Saigyo ¯ renounced the world to lead the life of a reclusive monk.
Further discontent was caused by the Ho ¯ jo ¯ decision to instal sho ¯ gunal deputies in Kyu¯ shu¯ and to concentrate even more posts into their own hands. 45 The sho tive, though they were still far from fully efficient. Increased productivity helped the prosperity of maritime traders who distributed rice and other goods around the nation. Guilds also became stronger. The life of the common people during the Kamakura era was marked by the emergence of new Japanese forms of Buddhism. The most distinctive characteristic of these was their appeal to the people at large, as opposed to Heian-period Buddhism which had generally been esoteric and confined to the ruling class.