By Theodore R. Weeks
Across the progressive Divide: Russia and the USSR 1861-1945 deals a extensive interpretive account of Russian heritage from the emancipation of the serfs to the tip of worldwide conflict II.<ul type="disc">* offers a coherent evaluate of Russia's improvement from 1861 via to 1945* displays the newest scholarship by means of taking a thematic method of Russian background and bridging the ‘revolutionary divide’ of 1917* Covers political, financial, cultural, and lifestyle concerns in the course of a interval of significant alterations in Russian heritage* Addresses during the range of nationwide teams, cultures, and religions within the Russian Empire and USSR* exhibits how the novel regulations followed after 1917 either replaced Russia and perpetuated an monetary and political pressure that keeps to persuade glossy society
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Additional info for Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, 1861-1945 (Blackwell History of Russia)
Court trials were to be open to the public with both oral and documentary evidence accepted; juries decided on the guilt or innocence of the accused. With judges appointed according to their professional capabilities and enjoying lifetime tenure, it became more difficult for officials to intimidate or silence court trials. The need for competent judges and lawyers required the creation of a Russian Bar, a professional class of lawyers. Legal education was much improved and lawyers came to see themselves not just as advocates for a specific client but as the champions of justice.
One group that warmly welcomed emancipation was educated society, that is, the intelligentsia (see discussion in chapter 2, “Society,” pp. 64–8). From abroad the radical writer Alexander Herzen hailed the tsar’s planned reform in his influential newspaper Kolokol (The Bell). Within Russia the press eagerly discussed the 20 Politics plans for reform, taking advantage of a less stringent censorship regime. Alexander in part encouraged these discussions, seeing glasnost (a word used at the time referring to public debate) as a means of gauging public opinions.
Liberals saw matters differently, considering that the free exchange of ideas was crucial for the training of self-sufficient, enlightened, and professionally competent citizens. Perhaps the single most successful reform of all was the judicial reform of 1864, which swept away a justice system universally acknowledged to have been corrupt, inefficient, and cumbersome. This reform set up a legal system independent of government administrators. Court trials were to be open to the public with both oral and documentary evidence accepted; juries decided on the guilt or innocence of the accused.