Activity in Marx’s Philosophy by Norman D. Livergood

By Norman D. Livergood

This essay makes an attempt to illustrate the importance of the primary of task within the philosophy of Karl Marx. the main of task in Marx has either a basic and a selected which means. commonly the princi­ pIe refers back to the activist aspect in Marxian perform motivating either Marx and his modern devotees. the explicit side of the primary pertains to Marx's philosophy - the primary of task being that con­ cept which underlies the complete approach. task for Marx is either a philosophie inspiration and a component of human adventure demanded via his procedure. Marx, that's, not just theorizes approximately job but additionally illustrates his idea in hislife. accordingly, we discover the primary of task either in his writings and in his doings. Marx customarily used the phrases motion, Tätigkeit, or Praxis to consult the main of task. No significant thinker has totally handled the concept that of motion. We occasionally believe that motion merely happens once we can discover a few outward consequence or movement. Spinoza's definition of motion disallows this slender interpretation of job.

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There is no a priori test as to their validity. They originate in human action and must be tested and improved in the course of that action. Following upon the idea as anticipatory plan there comes the transformation of the material into an object of knowledge. This is a constructed, existentially produced object. The knowledge process is partially determinate of the final result; cognition is not passive reception but active reshaping and change according to an idea. " The direct outcome of reflection is the reorganization of a situation which confers upon the event new tinctures of meaning.

But this is not to say that philosophy in Marx becomes economics or sociology. There is an inextricable relationschip between philosophy and the social scene, but philosophy does not become sociology or economics. Also, philosophy does not become for Marx the active transformation of society. Philosophy must necessarily be linked to such transformation to be acceptable and valid, but the two are not identical. Philosophy leads to action; philosophy is not action per se. When Marxism speaks of the "unity of thought and action," it does not intend to imply that thought and action are one and the same thing.

288, 289. 30 ACTIVITY AND PHILOSOPHY prehended, outward obedience becomes the natural and spontaneous garb and expression of an inward spirit, of an all pervading ethos, and mere government is changed to moral and substantial self-government. l Civil Society is the State on its external side. Society is not left behind at the level of the State. The State is a universal which breaks forth into difference. This area of self-seeking and conflict is necessary for the State; this is the State in externality or objectivity.

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