African Agricultural Production Development Policy in Kenya by H. Ruthenberg

By H. Ruthenberg

In quantity 2 of the "Afrika-Studien" an appraisal of the rural improvement coverage in Tanganyika (now Tanzania) from 1950 to 1963 used to be made. This record is a continuation of the paintings in East Africa, with the emphasis mendacity on a tentative quantitative evaluation of prices and merits of smallholder improvement. There are few nations in Africa south of the Sahara the place as many and as numerous measures for the promoting of small­ holder farming were attempted as constantly and intensively as in Kenya. specifically the "Swynnerton Plan" resulted in the employment of considerable sums in African farming. the various methods were hugely luck­ ful, others no longer. it's the objective of this report back to tell approximately goals and associations, equipment and problems, charges and advantages. Prof. Dr. EMIL WOERMANN Institut fiir landwirtschaftliche Betriebs- und Landarbeitslehre, Gottingen Acknowledgements As ordinary with stories of this nature, my major debt is to quite a few smallholders, settlers, scheme managers, Agricultural officials and Instruc­ tors who so willingly mentioned their issues of me and therefore supplied the data on which this record is predicated. i'm so much thankful for the aid rendered through a number of the Departments of the Kenya executive. A debt of gratitude is owed fairly to the Fritz Thyssen beginning, Cologne, which supplied the money and to the Ifo-Institute, Munich, which gives the institutional framework for German monetary learn paintings in East Africa. most beneficial recommendation and feedback used to be given via Mr. ]. D.

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Extra info for African Agricultural Production Development Policy in Kenya 1952–1965 (Afrika-Studien)

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However, some additional personnel and funds had to be made available in all districts, although not all of them met with the hoped for production response. The economic results of smallholder development consequently suffered. The concentration of staff on the interested farmers with acreages somewhat above the average had certain advantages. However, the large number of small landholders remained almost completely untouched by extension efforts. Even in the more developed districts not more than around 10 per cent of the total farmers have really developed their holdings.

2 Average of marketed produce 1958-1964 and of local expenditure for agricultural and veterinary services 1955-1961. 3 In Nyeri and Central Nyanza: marketed produce 1955-1964 surpassing that of 1952-1954, divided by expenditure of 1952-1960. In Elgeyo-Marakwet: marketed produce 1960-1964 surpassing that of 1958-1959, divided by the expenditure of 1955-1961. 4 Marketed produce in 1960-1964 surpassing that of 1958-1960, divided by expenditure 1958-1961. 5 Market cess going to the District Council.

The preference of leisure to additional income. However, many if not most of the farmers of Kenya are already beyond such an attitude. It can certainly be assumed that the actual working hours on Kenya smallholdings are higher than elsewhere in East Africa's peasant agriculture. Considering the vast acreage cultivated with the hoe and considering that it takes 200 to 400 hours to 1 See: MACARTHUR's report on Nandi farmers, 1964. 27 cultivate, plant, weed and harvest one acre with the hoe as the only tool, it can normally not be said that the phyiscal effort is insufficient.

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