An Interpretation of Existence by Joseph Owens

By Joseph Owens

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St. Thomas Summa Tbeologiae, I, 3, 4, ad 2m. ". . '' De Potentia, VII, 2, ad 9m. See also Chapter II, n. 15. 116), " perfection are thereby extended to designate what is known through judgment. But no new conceptual content is added in the process. Nothing characteristic of existence enters into the concept. The whole content remains what was taken from the categories. The content now can be focused on what is known through judgment and used to represent it in a way that distinguishes it from all other actuality and perfection.

These perfected the material element in the sense of filling its potentiality and completing the thing. Since existence is re­ quired to complete the thing and all the formal elements and the writer concedes that every use of entelecheia is paralleled some­ where in Aristotle by a use of energeia "in exactly the same sense'' (p. 102 ) . Cf. , p. 110. For present purposes, the two terms may be taken as synonymous. Aristotle's notion that a real foiii). was actual of itseH, and not through any further existential actuality, is sufficient to explain why uactivity"' can be read into his philosophical uses of energeia.

In stating that a nature in its absolute consideration abstracts from both real and cognitional being, one is not thereby assigning to it a third or existentially neutral way of being. " Without the presupposition of existence, there cannot be anything else. In this important and unqualified sense, existence is prior to thing and to all formal aspects in the thing. Accordingly, every other aspect in the thing presupposes existence. An individual can be a man without being Socrates, and an animal without being a man.

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