By Gianni Zanini
This overview assesses the advance effectiveness of the realm Bank's lending and non-lending suggestions to the Russian Federation seeing that 1991, a 10-year interval of tumultuous political, financial, and social switch. This file concludes that an suggestions process, focusing on analytical and advisory prone with restricted monetary aid for Russia, might were extra acceptable than one concerning huge volumes of adjustment lending.
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Additional info for Assisting Russia's Transition: An Unprecedented Challenge (World Bank Technical Paper)
It updated and supplemented various studies on poverty, highlighted the very negative consequences of Russia’s transition for poverty and inequality, was well written, candid on difficult issues, and timely. The Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS) of the Bank Group has carried out several assignments in Russia. During the 1991–93 period, it offered advice on improving the business climate and the institutional structure for regulating FDI. 1 Good Analytical and Advisory Services Transport.
As a result, MIGA has not suffered any losses in Russia, which is ranked in the top five countries in the agency’s portfolio. Before the outbreak of the financial crisis, MIGA covered transfer risks but did not offer coverage for currency convertibility. Stop-loss limits and reinsurance were employed to manage the agency’s net exposure in Russia. MIGA continued to support projects after the country’s default on foreign debt. 3 billion FDI in Russia (see Annex 12) that could have been adversely affected by the moratorium.
09 billion in FY00. 3 percent in 1994 to a high of 20 percent in 1998, largely thanks to disbursement of adjustment loan tranches. 1). 5 billion) went to rehabilitation and investment operations in many sectors, with a large presence in the energy sector (mainly oil and gas). 0 billion) was dominated (90 percent of all new commitments) by adjustment operations and companion TA loans. 1 billion. Seven projects were rated satisfactory for outcome, while six were rated substantial in terms of institutional development (ID) impact.