By Irial Glynn
This booklet compares the regulations of Australia and Italy in the direction of boat those that have arrived within the nations because the early Nineties. whereas the typical and sundry influx of immigrants arriving at nationwide airports, ferry terminals and educate stations is seldom witnessed by way of the general public, the arriving of boat humans is frequently performed out within the media and therefore draws disproportionate political and public awareness. Both Australia and Italy faced related dilemmas, however the nature of political debate at the factor, the categories of recommendations brought, and the consequences that coverage adjustments had on boat humans diverged significantly. This publication argues that contrasting migration direction dependencies, disparate political values in the Left, and ranging foreign responsibilities top clarify different techniques taken through the 2 nations to boat people.
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Extra info for Asylum Policy, Boat People and Political Discourse: Boats, Votes and Asylum in Australia and Italy
They would have been liable to immediate deportation otherwise. The Italian case was more complicated. Many boat people who landed in Italy did apply for asylum there, but a substantial proportion did not. This was recently indicated once more by the discrepancy between the amount of boat people who arrived in Italy in 2014 (170,100) and the amount who claimed asylum there (63,700). The lack of an orderly asylum system and the presence of family and friends elsewhere persuaded many boat people who arrived in Italy to travel to more northerly European countries, where they either applied for asylum or remained undocumented.
56 This was especially so after 1989, as countries’ policies towards boat people began to rapidly change in character. 57 This means that the asylum applications of boat people fleeing a civil war where they are not personally persecuted should technically be rejected. But asylum seekers fleeing indiscriminate fighting often leave to avoid death or considerable suffering. 59 Yet, the Refugee Convention also stipulates that states cannot return (‘refouler’) people to states where their life may be threatened, thus complicating states’ asylum procedures further.
By the late 1970s, however, the amount of people involved rose substantially due to increasing tension and subsequent war between Vietnam and China. Chinese-Vietnamese boat people made up a significant proportion of this later exodus. 2–3. 83. See also James Freeman and Dinh Huu Nguyen, Voices from the camps: Vietnamese children seeking asylum. 3. BOAT PEOPLE AND MIGRATION THEORY 19 followed by Hong Kong. Boat people also arrived in Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, Japan, Macau, Korea and Australia (discussed in more detail in Chap.