Beating the Odds: Sustaining Inclusion in Mozambique's by World Bank

By World Bank

The tale of Mozambique is one in every of profitable transformation. considering the fact that 1994, whilst it confronted a decimated infrastructure, a susceptible economic climate, and fragile associations, it has sustained excessive monetary progress and has made tangible rate reductions in poverty. Its restoration from civil clash and severe poverty make it a exhibit for different international locations embarking on related transitions. nonetheless, greater than 1/2 the inhabitants lives in poverty. Gaps persist among urban dwellers and farmers, women and men, wealthy and terrible. And even though progress keeps, there's trouble that Mozambique s force to lessen poverty may possibly lose momentum as occurs in lots of international locations improving from clash. If the successes of the prior are to be prolonged into the long run, coverage makers needs to take inventory of what has labored and what has no longer as they advance new methods of bettering the residing criteria of all Mozambicans. Beating the chances: maintaining Inclusion in Mozambique s transforming into economic climate makes a speciality of adjustments in poverty and loved ones neighborhood welfare from 1997 via 2003. It makes use of financial, human, and social signs together with quantitative and qualitative ways to appreciate poverty tendencies in the kingdom and the dynamics that formed them. meant to help the advance and implementation of pro-poor rules, its integration of poverty, gender, and social research may be of specific curiosity to coverage makers, improvement practitioners, teachers, and researchers.

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Additional resources for Beating the Odds: Sustaining Inclusion in Mozambique's Growing Economy (Directions in Development) (Directions in Development)

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From a public accountability perspective, much more clarity is required on expected results—recommendations from the POs serve the poverty planning and programming cycle of the government. No systematic feedback mechanism exists yet between the government and the PO. A clear weakness in the structure of the POs is the lack of broad representation beyond the small and mostly urban middle-class elite. At the provincial level, concerns about the role of the PO and its formulation in local strategies, plans, and budgets are even more pronounced.

Continuing poverty reduction requires continued labor mobility from low-productivity sectors to higher ones. In urban areas, private sector wage employment growth needs to accelerate in the industrial sector. As the rural sector sheds labor, the urban labor force is expected to grow rapidly. This labor force needs jobs. Although self-employment in the service sector was an important driver of poverty reduction during 1997–2003, if this sector has to absorb all the future urban labor-force growth, productivity will decline to the point where incomes stagnate, especially among the poor and least skilled.

Moreover, the self-employed sector is highly dependent on overall urban income increases (figure 4). To drive wage and salary job creation, Mozambique needs foreign direct investment in labor-intensive industries. Confining foreign direct investment to capital and energy-intensive industrial megaprojects will not create the needed jobs. Mozambique’s domestic manufacturing sector is mostly very small, concentrated in low-technology food, beverages, and wood processing. Potential for diversification into labor-intensive manufacturing exports, such as textiles, should exist.

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