Bias in Mental Testing by Arthur R. Jensen

By Arthur R. Jensen

Illuminating targeted tools for assessing bias in normal I.Q., flair, and fulfillment checks, Jensen argues that standardized checks should not biased opposed to Englishspeaking minority teams and describes the makes use of of such assessments in schooling and employment.

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It also permits the challenging of such records. Students’ cumulative records, which often follow them through their entire school careers, have been charged with abuses such as information leaking, labeling, subjective comments, and discrimination, which gave impetus to this legislation. Educators opposed to the legislation hold that it will discourage teachers and counselors from making honest evaluations of pupils. A possible consequence could be that colleges and universities in screening applicants would be forced to rely even more on entrance examination test scores in place of the school’s evaluations.

They tend to measure the extent to which an individual’s background is similar to that of the cultural configuration of Anglo, middle-class society and are not valid, as normed, for Mexican-American and Black populations. 5 percent of all school children in EMR classes, admission into which requires (among other things) a score below IQ 75 on an individually administered intelligence test. These undisputed statistics were claimed to support the charge of racially biased tests on the assumption that scholastic aptitude is equally distributed in all races, an assumption that went unchallenged.

Minority groups, as such, should be favorably inclined toward the use of ability tests, since tests constitute a universal standard of competence and potential. When tests are substituted for discriminatory methods of educational placement and discriminatory methods of job selection and promotion, they increase the opportunities of minority group members because they measure ability rather than social status. Tests therefore should be viewed with favor by this segment of the culturally deprived.

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