Breaking Down Anonymity: Digital Surveillance of Irregular by Dennis Broeders

By Dennis Broeders

Simply because borders on my own can't cease abnormal migration, the ecu Union is popping progressively more to inner keep an eye on measures. via surveillance, member states goal to exclude abnormal migrants from societal associations, thereby discouraging their remain or deporting people who find themselves apprehended. And but, states can't expel immigrants who stay nameless. identity has hence develop into key. Breaking Down Anonymity exhibits how electronic surveillance is changing into a major software of identity and exclusion regulations in the direction of abnormal migrants. To aid this declare, the learn charts coverage advancements in Germany and the Netherlands. It analyses either international locations' labour industry controls in addition to their detention and expulsion practices. additionally tested is the improvement of a number of new european migration databases. Spanning the Continent, those info structures create a brand new ecu Union frontier - person who is electronic, biometric and ever-strengthening.

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Additional info for Breaking Down Anonymity: Digital Surveillance of Irregular Migrants in Germany and the Netherlands (IMISCOE Dissertations)

Sample text

Databases are used for pre-emptive surveillance that aims to anticipate unwanted behaviour by means of classification and profiling (Salter 2005: 43) and for the identification and re-identification of terrorists, criminals and, increasingly, irregular migrants. In border policy there is a long-standing practice of pre-emption, for example, in visa policy. The citizens of some countries need to apply for visa and other countries are even blacklisted. Databases facilitate this mechanism and may also make it easier to blacklist groups of people or even known individuals.

Likewise, the state has taken the right to move across land and borders out of the private sphere: THE STATE, SURVEILLANCE AND IRREGULAR MIGRANTS 41 The result of this process has been to deprive people of the freedom to move across certain spaces and to render them dependent on the state and the state system for the authorization to do so – an authority widely held in private hands theretofore. (Torpey 1998: 239) This monopolisation was, to a large extent, executed through the introduction of the passport.

Lyon (1994: 31) argues that: The administrative machinery constructed during the nineteenth century can be understood both as a negative phenomenon – Weber’s ‘iron cage’ of bureaucratic rationality or Foucault’s ‘disciplinary society’ – or, more positively, as a means of ensuring that equal treatment is meted out to all citizens. Both functions depend on the surveillance capacity of the state. It can be argued that the control function of surveillance came first in a historical sense. After all, registration and administration were originally designed to award duties and responsibilities to citizens, such as taxation and conscription (Scott 1998).

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