By Francois De Blois
First released in 1990. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Extra resources for Burzoy's Voyage to India and the Origin of the Book of Kalilah Wa Dimnah (Royal Asiatic Society Books)
The disposition and capacity for learning probably decrease as the animal gets older. These conclusions are still based on rather scant evidence only. Also, what has been said above applies primarily to selection of food plant species; how the mechanisms for selection of plant parts are transmitted from one generation to another is not yet understood. Particularly in grazers, one almost has to assume a genetic basis for the type of selection effected. Further research on these questions is needed.
13), several gazelle species (Walther, 1968), springbok (Bigalke, 1972) and even the elephant (Plate 15 in Sikes, 1971; Fig. 13 in Croze, 1974; see Fig. 5). It is perhaps somewhat surprising that more species do not make use of the ability to rise up on the hindlegs, which at least the males must all possess for mating and which domestic goats show extensively in the context of feeding. Digging, usually to obtain roots or bulbs, occurs in a number of ungulates employing different means: warthog use their elongated snout and nasal disk; elephants their tusks, sometimes also the trunk and/or forefeet; some bovids may also use their forefeet on occasions, for instance oryx (Shortridge, 1934; Root, 1972) or springbok (Shortridge, 1934; Bigalke, 1972).
This does not mean, however, that habitat requirements of closely related species are identical. The choice of the proper habitat is perhaps one of the most basic behaviorally mediated processes in an animal's life, yet we know virtually nothing about the mechanisms involved. Two main possibilities suggest themselves: a) As habitat requirements are often similar in related species, one might infer a genetic basis for the choice, i. , that individual animals possess innate responses to environmental features, which guide their habitat selection.