China on the Move: Migration, the State, and the Household by C. Cindy Fan

By C. Cindy Fan

China at the Move bargains a brand new and extra thorough rationalization of migration, which integrates wisdom from geography, inhabitants reports, sociology and politics; to assist us comprehend the approaches of social, political, and fiscal switch linked to strong migration streams so necessary to chinese language development.

Using a wide physique of analysis, transparent and engaging illustrations (maps, tables, and charts) of findings according to census, survey and box info, and chosen qualitative fabric resembling migrants’ narratives, this e-book presents an up-to-date, systematic, empirically wealthy, multifaceted and vigorous research of migration in China.

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Extra info for China on the Move: Migration, the State, and the Household (Routledge Studies in Human Geography)

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5 shows the proportions of interprovincial migration attributable to intraregional and interregional flows, represented by respectively diagonal and off-diagonal cells. 4 percent, indicating more active interprovincial migration there than within the other two regions (Cai and Wang 2003). Intraregional flows, however, declined in relative importance. 8 percent, depicting the increased prominence of interregional flows relative to intraregional flows. Of the six off-diagonal cells, only two – the central-to-eastern and the western-toeastern – increased over time, indicating an acceleration of migration flows from the two non-coastal regions to the eastern region.

In this book, I use information from three sets of surveys conducted in the two provinces. The first set of surveys is the 1995 Sichuan and Anhui surveys, which were conducted by the Research Center for the Rural Economy (RCRE) of the Ministry of Agriculture (Du 2000; Du and Bai 1997: 6; Fan 2004b; 2004c). The surveys include two parts. The first part – 1995 Sichuan and Anhui Household Survey – involves a questionnaire survey of 2,820 households that were drawn from the survey database of NBS’s Rural Social Economic Survey Team (RSEST) (nongcun shehui jingji diaocha zhongdui).

It begins by describing hukou type and hukou location and their functions. After outlining prevailing explanations for the implementation of the hukou system, I discuss how the system operated in conjunction with central-planning mechanisms that allocated food, employment and welfare, resulting in tight control over rural–urban migration during the Maoist period. Then, I review the main criticisms toward the hukou system and major components of hukou reforms since 1984. Despite these reforms, hukou continues to constrain Chinese peasants’ access to opportunities and resources.

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