Classical Greek Rhetorical Theory and the Disciplining of by Edward Schiappa, David M. Timmerman

By Edward Schiappa, David M. Timmerman

This booklet contributes to the background of classical rhetoric through targeting how key words helped to conceptualize and set up the examine and educating of oratory. David Timmerman and Edward Schiappa reveal that the highbrow and political background of Greek rhetorical concept should be more advantageous by means of a greater figuring out of the emergence of "terms of art" in texts approximately persuasive conversing and argumentation. The authors offer a sequence of reports to help their argument. They describe Plato's disciplining of dialgesthai into the artwork of Dialectic, Socrates' replacement imaginative and prescient of philosophia, and Aristotle's account of demegoria and symboule as phrases for political deliberation. The authors additionally revisit competing receptions of the Rhetoric to Alexander. also, they research the argument over whilst the several components of oration have been formalized in rhetorical idea, illustrating how an "old school" specialize in vocabulary promises clean views on continual questions.

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As Robinson (1953) notes, “In the Topics dialectic became a technique that could be learned by itself apart from the study of any reality, and was thereafter equally applicable to all studies or none” (72). To be sure, Aristotle continues to be influenced by Plato in his treatment of “sophistical” reasoning. In book 1 of Topics, for example, Aristotle distinguishes among proper demonstration (apodeixis), dialectical deduction (sullogismos dialektikos), and eristic deduction (eristikos sullogismos).

Battles over terms of art can leave their losers disadvantaged in the intellectual discussions that take place in their aftermath. As time passes, one may find the losing conceptualization and the battle itself nearly erased from the record of intellectual history. Until recently, such has been the case for Isocrates following his 44 Philosophia as a Term of Art battle with Plato over competing uses of philosophia. As Josiah Ober (2004) notes, “By the early decades of the century, Platonic dialectic already threatened to monopolize the term philosophia, reserving what had become (in educated elite circles, anyway) a prized word for an intellectual undertaking that had no sympathy for the sort of education and techn¯e championed by Isocrates” (26).

The prevailing accounts of Isocrates’ philosophy highlight one or two of the themes, whereas a straightforward synthesis suggests that Isocratean philosophia should be understood as the cultivation of practical wisdom through the production of ethical civic discourse. A brief sketch of Isocrates’ conceptualization is instructive. Of Isocrates’ eighty-seven uses of the philosoph- stem, thirty-six occur 52 Philosophia as a Term of Art in the Antidosis. Isocrates wrote the Antidosis late in his career (354 bce) as a defense of his educational system, his life, and his philosophy.

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