By David M. Mark, Andrew U. Frank (auth.), David M. Mark, Andrew U. Frank (eds.)
This e-book comprises twenty-eight papers through individuals within the NATO complicated examine Institute (ASI) on "Cognitive and Linguistic elements of Geographic Space," held in Las Navas del Maxques, Spain, July 8-20, 1990. The NATO ASI marked a level in a two-year examine undertaking on the U. S. nationwide middle for Geographic Infonnation and research (NCOIA). In 1987, the U. S. nationwide technological know-how starting place issued a solicitation for proposals to set up the NCGIA-and one component of that solicitation used to be a decision for learn on a "fundamental concept of spatial relations". We felt that the sort of basic thought will be sought for in arithmetic (geometry, topology) or in cognitive technology, yet simultaneous seek in those possible disparate examine parts may well produce novel effects. therefore, as a part of the NCGIA suggestion from a consortium including the collage of California at Santa Barbara, the nation college of recent York at Buffalo, and the college of Maine, we proposed that the second one significant learn Initiative (two yr, multidisciplinary learn venture) of the NCOIA might tackle those matters, and will be known as "Languages of Spatial family members" The provide to set up the NCOIA used to be presented to our consortium overdue in 1988.
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Additional info for Cognitive and Linguistic Aspects of Geographic Space, 1st Edition
First it cut across geographical debate -or lack of debate- since main concem of GISs with geographic data necessarily leads to deal, consciously or not, with geographic individuals and thus linked to the cartographic tradition of data gathering quite reasonably leading to a concern for accurate specifications of such individuals, if only for data collecting purposes. This has had a major effect of accustoming at least two generations of geographic data users to think of geographic space more and more in terms of objects, and to collect data for those objects, although still mediated by a notion of cartographic feature or geometric feature (many times objects are thought to be the points, lines or areas used to represent them on maps, and they effectively do have that punctiform,linear or areal nature).
Since the appearance of maps it is the first time that geography has had an instrument which is largely felt to be genuinely geographic, both in nature and in history of contribution to the development The GIS strengthens the care for, and awareness of, the suitability and qUality of data (regardless even of further theoretical implications); especially as they provide the opportunity to design and tailor the data, and to increase the detail or degree of 'entification' of geographical data, contrasting with its former predominant aggregate character -something that has been called the case of 'pointillism' vs 'percentagism' (Abler, 1987).
Among the new-comers now demonstrating interest are the cognitive sciences. Efforts aimed at developing expert systems and user interfaces have stimulated in-depth consideration of the cognitive implications of the whole of GIS activity. Linguistics, non-Euclidean geometry and topology are becoming objects of such interest that GISs may act as springboards for a science of spatial information. Parallel to these new approaches however, there remains the current, widespread and purely operative view of GIS utilization, which, perhaps for solely incidental reasons, is at odds with the newer approaches.