By Theodorus Albertus Johannes Maria Janssen, Gisela Redeker
During this quantity, prime cognitive linguists and members from similar fields talk about and illustrate the crucial theoretical and methodological tenets of cognitive linguistics.
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Extra resources for Cognitive Linguistics: Foundations, Scope, and Methodology
Yet, our best thinking (that of scientists) and even our more modest everyday thinking are highly sensitive to context. Fodor suggests various ways in which the context might be taken into consideration in syntactic processes, and shows that they fall short, by a wide margin, of delivering the kind of context-sensitivity that is required.
In 1983 Jacques asked me to implement a new idea for Cognition— the special issues. Each would have an overview of a hot topic and a collection of research papers, taking up a single issue or volume and reprinted as a book. We agreed that “visual cognition,” then an unknown term, would be a suitable topic. Later issues covered spoken word recognition, animal cognition, connectionism, the neurobiology of cognition (what was soon to be renamed “cognitive neuroscience”), lexical and conceptual semantics, and most recently, object recognition.
The basic idea is that a device is informationally encapsulated if it has access only to limited information, excluding some information that might be pertinent to its producing the right outputs and that might be available elsewhere in the organism. Paradigm examples are provided by perceptual illusions: I have the information that the two lines in the Mu¨ller-Lyer illusion are equal, but my visual perceptual device has no access to this information and keeps “seeing” them as unequal. Reflexes are in this respect extreme cases of encapsulation: given the proper input, they immediately deliver their characteristic output, whatever the evidence as to its appropriateness in the context.