Colonialism in the Margins: Cultural Encounters in New by Gunlog Fur

By Gunlog Fur

This e-book explores Swedish encounters with American Indians within the New Sweden colony at the Delaware River through the moment half the 17th century. to put Swedish-Indian interactions in standpoint a comparability is made with Swedish-Saami colonial family in the course of the similar period of time. those have been expressions of serious strength goals that position Sweden firmly in the context of ecu colonialism, but additionally intended the 2 remarkable examples of Swedish encounters with indigenous populations. concentration is on problems with land possession and transactions, on alternate, and on cultural encounters. The booklet is of specific curiosity to historians of colonial encounters in the USA and Sweden, but additionally in a bigger context pertaining to ecu colonialism and its background this day.

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Extra info for Colonialism in the Margins: Cultural Encounters in New Sweden and Lapland (The Atlantic World)

Example text

Martin’s Press, 1990). power on the periphery 19 European visitors often derided Sweden for its lack of refined culture and the comparative simplicity of the aristocracy. Many viewed the Swedish peasant as poor and superstitious. Danish envoy, Peder Galt, in the 1620s described humble houses and wretched food, roads in deplorable condition, and a countryside where hunger ruled. Such descriptions should be viewed with the understanding of the purpose of the reports and may say as much about the author as about the objects of observation.

However, it was the Church that came to hold the most important position in the civilization efforts within the country. Since Sweden’s establishment as a national state in the mid-sixteenth century the Lutheran church had been the only recognized church and the king himself was its head. Church organization came to play an increasingly important role in ideological as well as fiscal control. The clergy were required to record all those obliged to pay taxes, and all those that moved between villages, thus giving the authorities an accurate picture of the supply of potential soldiers.

Other men thought it doubtful if humans designated as savages could possess the same mental faculties as educated Europeans. Many judged that language constituted the ultimate proof of intellectual capacity. ” Schefferus concluded about Saami speech that it appeared to have been construed from neighboring languages, particularly Finnish, even though there existed certain words that were uniquely Saami. This allegedly derivatory character of the language served as a sign of inferior intelligence.

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