Comparative Political Transitions between Southeast Asia and by Teresita Cruz-del Rosario, James M. Dorsey

By Teresita Cruz-del Rosario, James M. Dorsey

This publication investigates the subject matter of worldwide transitions with a cross-regional comparative learn of 2 components experiencing swap during the last 3 many years: Southeast Asia and the center East and North Africa (MENA). Political transitions in Asia were the topic of curiosity in educational and policy-making groups lately as there are encouraging symptoms of democratization in international locations that express components of authoritarianism. In these international locations with quite open political platforms, transitions to democracy were entire – albeit messy, mistaken, and hugely contested. by contrast, nations of the MENA zone which have been gripped by means of revolts in recent times locate themselves in the course of chaotic and uncontrollable transitions. Why are there such modifications among those areas? What, if something, will be realized and utilized from the transitions in Southeast Asia? those questions are replied the following as Asia’s adventure is contrasted with the Arab revolts and the fight of different nations within the MENA sector to style a brand new social agreement among states and voters.  

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The undermining of social mobilization is further sharpened by the competition for scarce resources, especially among urban poor communities. In Cairo, where new, more heterogeneous communities sprung, different ethnic groups competed with the older and more established communities for limited public goods and services. 57 THE LIMITS AND VARIETIES OF CIVIL SOCIETY ACTIVISM Caution needs to be exercised in making claims about the relationship between civil society and democracy. As Aspinall notes, the real contribution of civil society in Indonesia was in “undermining of the ideological foundations of the authoritarian political order” rather than through direct and overt civil society activism.

It has a different status and serves different purposes: socialization of individuals, cultural reproduction, social integration, communicative action, and interpretation. ”4 It has the following distinctive features: (1) plurality; (2) voluntarism; NASCENT AND LATENT: DIFFERENTIAL ROLES OF CIVIL SOCIETY... ” While it may sometimes serve as a “de-legitimizing” structure vis-à-vis the political center, it is also a self-reflexive structure that can and should overcome its own deficiencies. 6 CSOs act as institutional intermediaries by articulating their grievances and undertaking advocacy for specific policies, programs, and projects that reduce and eliminate these deficits.

The yellow shirt movement, otherwise known as the People’s Alliance for Democracy (PAD) was initiated in 2005 after it suffered a crushing defeat in the general elections of the same year. 29 On the other hand, the red shirt movement or the Unity for Democracy against Dictatorship (UDD) is mostly composed of the rural masses in the Northeast (Isan) and Northern Thailand, including the lower classes of Bangkok. These two movements have continuously engaged in confrontational politics in the last decade, oftentimes violent, resulting in deaths on both sides.

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