Consistency and Cognition: A Theory of Causal Attribution by Shelley Duval, Virginia Hensley Duval, F. Stephan Mayer

By Shelley Duval, Virginia Hensley Duval, F. Stephan Mayer

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Mayer, F. Stephan. III. Title. [DNLM: 1. Cognition. 2. Psychological theory. D886 1983 153 82-21079 ISBN 0-89859-220-8 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 -iv- Contents Preface vii 1. Concepts and Theory 1 The Consistency Principle 5 The Asymmetry Criteria 7 Attribution and Cognition 13 2. Time and Space 17 Temporal Similarity and Covariation Over Time 21 An Attributional Analysis of the Effort-Justification Effect 24 3. Focal Consciousness 35 Substantiality and Focal Consciousness 35 Degree of Focalization and Attribution 40 4.

Increasing the temporal similarity between A's movement and contact with B and B's movement away from A increased the probability that the possible cause represented by A was more similar to the effect on the dimension of time than were other possible causes. As predicted by application of the consistency principle to the dimension of time, increasing this probability increased the tendency to attribute causality for B's movement to A. If subjects were asked to determine the cause for B's movement, given the option of attributing causality to a possible cause that oc- -19- curred either just before B began moving or that happened ten seconds before B's movement began, the effect of temporal similarity on causal attribution would be even clearer.

Cognition. 2. Causation. 3. Attribution (Social psychology) I. Duval, Virginia Hensley. II. Mayer, F. Stephan. III. Title. [DNLM: 1. Cognition. 2. Psychological theory. D886 1983 153 82-21079 ISBN 0-89859-220-8 Printed in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 -iv- Contents Preface vii 1. Concepts and Theory 1 The Consistency Principle 5 The Asymmetry Criteria 7 Attribution and Cognition 13 2. Time and Space 17 Temporal Similarity and Covariation Over Time 21 An Attributional Analysis of the Effort-Justification Effect 24 3.

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