Constructing a Democratic Developmental State in South by Omano Edigheji

By Omano Edigheji

The social and monetary successes of Asia have drawn international realization to the developmental kingdom as a potential version for constructing countries—and South Africa is interested. As this interdisciplinary staff of distinct scholars warns, however, constructing a developmental kingdom is something; really imposing the required institutional and coverage reforms to convey it into truth is one other. supplying an eloquent account of what the state's basic pursuits could be at this aspect, those individuals element to South Africa's advantages, together with its latest constitutional democracy, the wealth of its mineral assets, and the dedication of its political management. past that, they make the case that South Africa could have to become extra socially inclusive, that monetary and social coverage will have to be intertwined, that improvement and democratic agendas needs to be at the same time reinforcing, and efficient forms should be built.

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In this regard, economic policy, including macroeconomic policy, should be preoccupied with expanding human capabilities. In effect, for South Africa to become a developmental state, its macroeconomic policy needs to serve social objectives, rather than social transformation being held hostage to macroeconomic policy. And to this end, social policy needs to occupy a prime place as a policy tool in the hands of the state. Human capital development is one way to overcome the apartheid legacy of dispossession.

Drawing on other cases, including Indonesia and the Philippines, she points out that authoritarian developmental states do not necessarily lead to better economic performance. In some cases, such as South Korea, the authoritarian developmental state did result in remarkable economic performance – achieving a high growth rate and income equality. Kim also shows, however, that in other instances – Indonesia and the Philippines – authoritarian developmental states have failed to achieve sustained economic performance.

Arrighi et al. are very aware that these rents may simply be ‘appropriated by foreign capital’ or ‘squandered in expanding activities of little social or economic value’ or ‘used to consolidate the exclusive welfare state inherited from apartheid for the benefit of a multiracial minority’ (2008: 42). Others, building on disparate epistemological traditions, have come to surprisingly similar conclusions. For example, Du Toit’s (2008) interpretation of the impediments to sustained growth in contemporary South Africa parallels key features of the Arrighi et al.

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