By Joseph Cruz
This re-creation of the vintage modern Theories of data has been considerably up to date to incorporate analyses of the hot literature in epistemology. instead of in basic terms making mild amendments to the 1st variation, Pollock and Cruz have undertaken a groundbreaking evaluation of twentieth-century epistemology. This publication is either a complicated textbook supplying conventional discussions of foundationalism, coherentism, and reliabilism and a close treatise at the authors' personal designated view, direct realism.
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Extra resources for Contemporary Theories of Knowledge , 2nd Edition
29 Reliabilist theories stand in marked contrast to more traditional epistemological theories. The reliability of a cognitive process is a contingent matter. For example, a cognitive process on which we place great reliance is color vision. Color vision is reasonably reliable in the normal environment of earth-bound human beings. But if we lived in an environment in which the colors of our light sources varied erratically, color vision would be unreliable. So, the correctness of the cognitive processes involved in color vision is not intrinsic to color vision per se, but rather is a function of the relationship between the process and the environment.
We attend to each step individually and rely upon memory to tell us that we got to that step in some reasonable way. A correct epistemological account of memory must make this legitimate. Thus the nature of memory knowledge will play a pivotal role in the formulation of alternative epistemological theories. For this reason, memory will be discussed at some length in the next chapter. 6 Induction Knowledge of inductive generalizations comprises a kind of knowledge importantly different from the varieties of knowledge described so far.
You can Robert Squires (1969). 20 CHAPTER ONE never prove the skeptic wrong because he does not leave you with enough ammunition to undertake such a task. But there is no reason why we should have to prove the skeptic wrong. We already know that he is wrong. One of the things we are certain about right from the beginning is that we can acquire knowledge of general truths on the basis of induction. Even if we dismiss skepticism regarding induction, we can resurrect HumeÕs problem in a new guise.