Countries and Their Cultures, Volume 1: Afghanistan - Czech by Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember

By Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember

Just like the ten-volume Encyclopedia of worldwide Cultures (Macmillan, 1996), the four-volume nations and Their Cultures relies at the number of ethnographic info often called the Human family members sector records established at Yale college. in contrast to global Cultures, that is equipped through tradition, the recent paintings is geared up through state. This work's energy is that readers who understand little or no a couple of state can fast receive an excellent orientation to the key matters, background, and social constitution of a state. The 225 entries are among ten and 20 pages lengthy and browse like a pass among a well-written encyclopedia article, a trip consultant, and a social technology essay. they supply a very good common assessment of a rustic with out vastly oversimplifying or distorting. All entries have an identical constitution, with sections on geography, historical past, demography, languages, nutrients, economic system, etiquette, politics, relatives, faith, and humanities and arts. A country's measure of cultural solidarity in addition to its cultural diversifications are defined within the sections on nationwide id, ethnic family, and social stratification. each one access has a map with a neighborhood insert, black-and-white pictures, and a bibliography of contemporary scholarly books. instructed particularly for libraries that don't personal Encyclopedia of worldwide Cultures. Marc Meola, Coll. of latest Jersey Lib., Ewing

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Despite the return of religious freedom, there seems to be more interest in the revival of Christianity and Islam among foreign missionaries and groups than there is among Albanians. Albanians have never had a national religion with which to identify as a people. For the last century and a half, national (ethnic) identity has predominated over religious identity, and this is unlikely to change in the coming years in a small and struggling nation surrounded by hostile neighbors. Organized religion still plays only a marginal role in public life.

Southern Italy also has a substantial Albanian minority, known as the Arberesh, who are the descendants of refugees who fled from Albania after the death of Scanderbeg in 1468. Most of the Arberesh live in the mountain villages of Cosenza in Calabria and in the vicinity of Palermo in Sicily. In addition to these traditional settlements, there are large communities of Albanian emigrants in Greece, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany. Kukës Pukë N Shëngjin Mt. Korabit 9026 ft. 2751 m. Deja 7,369 ft. 2246 m.

The Albanologist Maximilian Lambertz (1882–1963) preferred a connection with the Albanian shqipe or shqiponje¨ (‘‘eagle’’), which is the symbol of Albania. The latter explanation may, however, simply be a folk etymology or constitute the reason why Albanians identify themselves with the eagle. Albanians can be divided into two cultural groups: the northern Albanians, or Ghegs (sometimes spelled Gegs), and the southern Albanians, or Tosks. The geographic border between the two groups, based on dialect, runs roughly along the Shkumbin River, which flows through the central town of Elbasan to the Adriatic Sea.

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