By Johanna Mattissen
Dependent-Head Synthesis in Nivkh has been presented a prize of the Offermann-Hergarten Donation on the college of Cologne in 2004. The endowments are granted for extraordinary cutting edge and comprehensibly documented research.This booklet deals an cutting edge method of 3 interlaced themes: a scientific research of the morphosyntatic association of Nivkh (Paleosiberian); a cross-linguistic research of complicated noun kinds (parallel to advanced (polysynthetic) verb forms); and a typology of polysynthesis. Nivkh (Gilyak) is linguistically impressive due to its hugely complicated note varieties, either verbs and nouns. they're shaped productively from advert hoc concatenation of lexical roots in based ― head kin with no extra morphological marking: basic item ― predicate, characteristic - noun, noun ― relational morpheme ("adposition"). After an in-depth exam of the wordhood of such complexes the morphological form of Nivkh is explored opposed to the history of polysynthesis, noun incorporation, verb root serialization, noun complexes and head/dependent marking. For this function, a brand new delimitation and class of polysynthesis is proposed at the foundation of an overview of seventy five languages. in addition to contributing to a reconciliation of prior diametrically hostile ways to polysynthesis, this research demanding situations a few universal preconceived notions with appreciate to how languages "should be".
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Extra resources for Dependent-Head Synthesis in Nivkh: A contribution to a typology of polysynthesis (Typological Studies in Language)
Dries raspberries" (post-strong nasal) Obviously, examples for class 1 are hard to find, whereas the lost-nasal forms are the most common nasal alternation triggers. Henceforth, we will call the nasals which behave like plosives 'strong nasals', and the nasals which trigger special nasal alternation, including the elided nasal, 'weak nasals'. 1 Alternation in the different complex types From these prerequisites we proceed to the morphophonemic processes in which targets and triggers are involved.
O. puts sth. o. puts sth. there upriver" kíe(ŋ))giḑ "sth. o. transports sth. upriver" xemiḑ "sth. 6 Word formation Word formation in Nivkh makes use of noun and verb root compounding and, to a lesser extent, of derivation. As compounding will be the focus of chapters 3 and 7, a few ex amples will suffice to illustrate the formation type here. o. is just, sincere" 28 DEPENDENT-HEAD SYNTHESIS IN NIVKH Nouns may be derived from verbs (see examples in (56)) and vice versa (see (57)) with the help of suffixes.
O. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. throws away a cup" (ŋirŋ) c. o. " d. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. buys a horse" (murŋ) (40) Verb alternation: post-nominal initial sounds of set B fřs x % root-initial consonant and following a trigger set I-final morpheme p' t' ţ' k' q' following a fricative or weak nasal-final morpheme (41 ) noun + verb (set B) a. o. " b. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. carries a child" (oʁlaŋ) c. o. " d. o. o. takes off his cap" -kip-xiţiḍ "takes up sth. o. o. o. o. o. o. o. takes off her skis" (weak nasal) e.