Language Learners as Ethnographers (Modern Language in by Celia Roberts, Michael Byram, Ana Barro

By Celia Roberts, Michael Byram, Ana Barro

This booklet appears on the position of cultural experiences and intercultural communique in language studying. The ebook argues that freshmen who've a chance to stick within the goal language nation should be knowledgeable to do an ethnographic venture whereas out of the country. Borrowing from anthropologists' the assumption of cultural fieldwork and 'writing culture', language beginners enhance their linguistic and cultural competence throughout the research of a neighborhood workforce. This ebook combines a theoretical assessment of language and cultural practices with an outline of ethnographic methods and fabrics particularly designed for language inexperienced persons.

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Cultural Studies and Language Learning Stern’s wide-ranging and in many respects prescient survey of theories in language teaching makes a strong case for a clearer sociocultural dimension based on anthropology and sociolinguistics. He argues that despite attempts to assert the inter-relationship of language and culture in the 1970s and 1980s (Rivers, 1983; Seelye, 1984, 1988) and produce what he calls a ‘cultural syllabus’ (Stern, 1992): ‘the anthropological concept of culture has been much more difficult to incorporate into language teaching than most of the writings have admitted so far’ (Stern, 1983).

So an interactional perspective on sociolinguistics (Gumperz, 1982a and see Chapter 3) links together the fine-grained detail of face-to-face interactional processes with an understanding of how social knowledge enters into these processes. There is relatively more focus here on the detailed ways in which people, as they talk, create contexts for each other and so create and sustain social relations through talk. Whereas, in linguistic anthropology there is relatively more interest in how both spoken and written language represent aspects of cultural and social knowledge (see Chapter 4).

We describe two different analytic perspectives on the social world, three views of culture arising from them and the interactional 46 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 2 3111 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41111 Language Learners as Ethnographers sociolinguistic perspective which combines cultural practices and detailed analysis of interaction. Functional and Constructivist Perspectives of Culture and Language The foundation of much thinking in anthropology and linguistics in the last 70 years or so has been within a functional paradigm.

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