Methodology, Metaphysics and the History of Science: In by Professor Richard M. Burian (auth.), Robert S. Cohen, Marx

By Professor Richard M. Burian (auth.), Robert S. Cohen, Marx W. Wartofsky (eds.)

This collection of papers that have been offered (or approximately so!) to the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of technological know-how through the seventies rather re­ provides the most nerve-racking problems with clinical wisdom in those years. To the far away observer, it might look that the protection of rational criteria, goal reference, methodical self-correction, even the distin­ guishing of the silly from the practical and the truth-seeking from the ideological, has approximately collapsed. actually, the protection can be noticeable to have shifted; the data company got here below scrutiny many years in the past and, certainly, from the time of Francis Bacon or even some distance past, the practicality of the invention of data was once both hailed or lamented. So the security will be based at the premise that technological know-how may well but be releasing. if so, the research of philosophical concerns expands to embody problems with social curiosity and social functionality, of instrumentality and arbitrary point of view, of organic constraints (upon wisdom in addition to upon the species-wide habit of humans in different relationships too), of distortions as a result of explanatory metaphors and imposed different types, and of radical comparisons one of the views of other civilizations. a few of our participants are frankly programmatic, exhibiting how difficulties needs to be formulated afresh, how evasions has to be pointed out and omissions rectified, yet they don't achieve their very own completion.

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This option of papers that have been awarded (or approximately so! ) to the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of technology in the course of the seventies really re­ provides the most tense problems with medical wisdom in those years. To the far away observer, it will probably look that the safeguard of rational criteria, goal reference, methodical self-correction, even the distin­ guishing of the silly from the practical and the truth-seeking from the ideological, has approximately collapsed.

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Extra resources for Methodology, Metaphysics and the History of Science: In Memory of Benjamin Nelson

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124 44 ROGER 1. 5. Is Natural Selection a Feedback Process? 6. 7. Learning by 'Variation and Selection' 125 129 131 NOTES 132 REFERENCES 134 ABSTRACT. The theme of this essay is the mechanism of goal-orientation in nonconscious organisms and in machines. The first portion presents an explication of feedback which, because it is done in the language of analytical physics, is claimed to be a reductionistic explication. Applications are made in the appendix to examples from physics, chemistry, biology, and psychology.

The Nature and Function of Scientific Theories (University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 1970). , Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. III (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1962). , Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. I (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1956). , Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. II (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1958). 30 [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] RICHARD M.

For Feyerabend scientists have a choice: they can choose to make their theories incommensurable with one another or they can choose not to make them incommensurable. On methodological grounds they should make their theories incommensurable. Only with such a choice is dogmatism prevented and testability and criticism are increased to the maximum. Seen in this light Feyerabend's doctrine of incommensurability is an extension and refinement of Popperian philosophy of science. Popper argues that the essence of science should be conjecture and refutation;4 the conjecture of bold theories that are easily criticized and refutation of these theories.

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