By Setha Low, Dana Taplin, Suzanne Scheld
Urban parks similar to manhattan City's relevant Park offer very important public areas the place urban dwellers of all races and sessions can mingle thoroughly whereas having fun with quite a few recreations. by way of coming jointly in those cozy settings, assorted teams develop into happy with one another, thereby strengthening their groups and the democratic textile of society. yet simply the other occurs whilst, by way of layout or in lack of knowledge, parks are made inhospitable to definite teams of people.
This pathfinding publication argues that cultural variety might be a key objective in designing and holding city parks. utilizing case experiences of recent York City's Prospect Park, Orchard seashore in Pelham Bay Park, and Jacob Riis Park within the Gateway nationwide activity region, in addition to New York's Ellis Island Bridge notion and Philadelphia's Independence nationwide historic Park, the authors establish particular how one can advertise, hold, and deal with cultural variety in city parks. additionally they discover the standards which can restrict park use, together with historic interpretive fabrics that forget about the contributions of alternative ethnic teams, excessive front or entry charges, park utilization ideas that limit ethnic actions, and park "restorations" that attention simply on historic or aesthetic values. With the wealth of information during this publication, city planners, park pros, and all involved electorate can have the instruments to create and hold public parks that serve the wishes and pursuits of the entire public.
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City parks similar to long island City's imperative Park supply very important public areas the place urban dwellers of all races and periods can mingle thoroughly whereas having fun with various recreations. via coming jointly in those comfortable settings, assorted teams turn into ok with one another, thereby strengthening their groups and the democratic cloth of society.
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Additional resources for Rethinking Urban Parks: Public Space and Cultural Diversity
National seashores were still some distance from the densest population centers, many of which were at the time places of increasing unrest. ” Both Presidents Johnson and Nixon strongly favored the idea, as did their secretaries of the interior. National recreation areas were HISTORY AND SOCIAL CONTEXT 31 initially proposed for New York and San Francisco— Gateway NRA in New York and Golden Gate NRA in San Francisco. President Nixon saw the two as demonstration projects for state, county, and municipal park programs.
Many parks, and all the ones studied in this volume, have strong formal qualities that resound with the vitality of contemporary urban uses. What we hope to do in this book is examine how the formal and the vernacular come together to produce the unexpectedly vital but fragile cultural alchemy of contemporary urban parks. Notes 1. Bushnell Park in Hartford was the first American city park to use the principles of English landscape design but Central Park was first in its class of parks of at least 100 acres.
The mission has been not only to provide for public enjoyment but also to conserve natural and historic resources. National parks are created to serve three purposes, in varying degrees: 1) scenic values, 2) scientific values, and 3) historical values (Newton 1971), but the interpretation of these values has changed over the years. The importance of scenery is obvious in the selection of characteristic national parks like Yosemite; less so is science, though Yellowstone, Crater Lake, Mount Rainier, and others contain natural phenomena of great importance to scientific inquiry.