By Louis Y. Pouliquen
"Rural infrastructure is necessary to either monetary and social improvement. Its absence thwarts progress and, normally, the bad are these harm the main. the aim of this paper is to function a foundation for wisdom administration on rural infrastructure." within the Nineteen Seventies, the first, if now not the original, target of rural infrastructure lending used to be to get rural infrastructure equipped. even though, the institutional elements of ways this infrastructure used to be to be equipped, and later the way it will be operated and maintained, didn't obtain a lot realization. only in the near past has poverty relief via employment production develop into an particular target of rural infrastructure investments. This assessment tracks the poverty relief aim of rural infrastructure tasks utilizing 3 standards: 1. even if poverty used to be an specific criterion within the collection of particular sub-projects; 2. even if poverty used to be addressed within the pricing of rural infrastructure providers; and three. even if poverty was once addressed in the course of the construction of employment.
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Additional info for Rural Infrastructure from a World Bank Perspective: A Knowledge Management Framework (Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Series. Rural Development.)
Finally, I would like to make special mention of Ismail Serageldin and Akin L. Mabogunje. My thanks to Ismail go far beyond providing the budgetary support that made this volume possible. More importantly, he generated the intellectual climate and intellectual stimulation without which my last few years on the staff of the World Bank would not have been nearly as rewarding as they turned out to be. Professor Mabogunje helped me discover, many years before institutional economics became a household phrase, the difference between "organizations" and "institutions" and the importance of informal institutions, two concepts central to this monograph.
This inventory may not be absolutely complete 6 but it includes the vast majority of projects with an RI component financed by the World Bank since the early 1970s. From this large base the three time periods (fiscal 1974-76, 1984-86, and 1994-96) were selected for a more detailed review. In addition to being 10 years apart, these periods were selected because they correspond to landmarks in the Bank's thinking, and thus have particular relevance to its views on rural development. The fiscal 1974-76 period came in the wake of the 1972 World Bank Nairobi Annual Meetings, which put rural poverty at the center of the Bank's agenda and resulted in the popular "integrated rural development" projects of the mid- to late-1970s.
From an operational point of view this conclusion opens the door to a sector-by-sector approach, where such an approach might be appropriate on institutional grounds. The absence of convincing economic models for analyzing RI investments implies a heavy reliance on beneficiary choices. But the quality of the decision-making process at the local level should not be idealized or even taken for granted. It needs to be supported by effective dissemination of information, and there are many ways to accomplish this in addition toor in lieu oftraditional government channels.