Sameness and Substance Renewed by David Wiggins

By David Wiggins

During this ebook, which revises and vastly expands his vintage paintings Sameness and Substance (Blackwell, 1980), David Wiggins examines the good judgment of id, the information of substance and alter, essence, predication and mortal predication, personhood, and private reminiscence. this significant booklet will attract quite a lot of readers in metaphysics, philosophical common sense, and analytic philosophy.

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The thesis of the Relativity of Identity, which I shall denominate R 11 Most recently, I have tried to answer the doubts that such claims have provoked in Wiggins (b). , the subject of a certain portrait bust in the Vatican Museum, stonemason, victim of the wit of Aristophanes, the person whose body was the only human body that was to be discovered at place p at time t in the agora of ancient Athens. Then an R-theorist might suggest that it makes all the difference to the project of keeping track of continuants through space and time which of the concepts in such a list one subsumes something under.

15 Mind,  (Oct. ). The absoluteness of sameness  .                         (  ) (␦) An argument in Geach’s Reference and Generality, p. , might prompt the following suggestion. Whatever is a river is water. Suppose I moor my vessel at the banks of Scamander when that river is in full torrent. The next day, the river on which my vessel is now moored is the same river as the river on which I moored it yesterday. But, even though rivers are water, the river is not the same water.

The absoluteness of sameness however crudely. There are five types of case where a is not the same g as b. Only three of these will provide ways for R to appear to be exemplified, but it will do no harm to enumerate all five. () g may simply be the wrong covering concept for both a and b where nevertheless a ϭb. The evening star is the same planet but not the same star as the morning star. For Venus is not a star. This is not a case of ( ΂a ϭf b΃ & not ΂a ϭg b΃) & (g(a) v g(b)). () Venus is not the same star as Mars nor the same anything as Mars.

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