By J. Chelikowsky (auth.), P. Siffert, E. F. Krimmel (eds.)
With issues starting from epitaxy via lattice defects and doping to quantum computation, this booklet presents a personalised survey of the improvement and use of silicon, the root for the innovative alterations in our lives also known as "The Silicon Age." starting with the first actual advancements greater than 50 years in the past, it reviews on all facets of silicon and silicon expertise as much as its use in interesting new applied sciences, together with a look at attainable destiny advancements. A group of professional authors, lots of them pioneers within the box, have written informative and stimulating contributions that would be of curiosity to all scientists operating with silicon.
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Extra info for Silicon: Evolution and Future of a Technology
4. Crucible-grown modern dislocation-free silicon monocrystal (courtesy Wacker Chemitronics) 2 Silicon: the Semiconductor Material 33 Nevertheless, the development of the vertical zone melting process was, at that time, an absolutely necessary step for the industrial breakthrough of silicon as a semiconductor material. The complete C-process had opened the way to industrial mass production. During the time of its development, vertical zone melting was the key for thoroughly investigating the purity, properties, and crystal quality of all our silicon samples.
Theory g. J § 5 E. 0 ~ OL-______ 10 o L -_ _ _ _ _ _k -_ _ _ _~ 20 30 Diameter (A) Fig. 18. Absorption (or optical) gap for hydrogenated silicon clusters and quantum dots. The theoretical data are from time-dependet local density functional theory, [33,34]. The experimental data are from Furukawa and Miyasato for the dots, . ,  20 J. ",  I think I will follow his lead. Predicting the future is not easy. However, I have two comments concerning where theory is going. I said very little about advances in our computational tools, but not because they are unimportant.
Com/research/ siliconl (accessed September 2002) 3. IEE/INSPEC science and engineering database home page. org/publish/inspec/ (accessed September 2002) 4. M. Dirac: Proc. R. Soc. London 123, 714 (1929) 5. M. R. Oppenheimer: Ann. Phys. 84,457 (1927) 6. R. Hartree: The Calculation of Atomic Structures (Wiley, New York 1957) 7. One of the first applications of the pseudopotential concept comes from E. Fermi: Nuovo Cimento 11, 157 (1934) 8. C. Phillips, L. Kleinman: Phys. Rev. 116, 287 (1959) 9. L.