By Bernard Stiegler
What's a technical item? first and foremost of Western philosophy, Aristotle contrasted beings shaped by means of nature, which had inside themselves a starting of flow and leisure, and man-made items, which didn't have the resource in their personal creation inside themselves. This booklet, the 1st of 3 volumes, revises the Aristotelian argument and develops an leading edge evaluate wherein the technical item may be obvious as having an important, detailed temporality and dynamics of its personal. The Aristotelian thought endured, in a single shape or one other, until eventually Marx, who conceived of the potential for an evolution of technics. Lodged among mechanics and biology, a technical entity grew to become a posh of heterogeneous forces. In a parallel improvement, whereas industrialization used to be within the means of overthrowing the modern order of data in addition to modern social association, expertise was once buying a brand new position in philosophical wondering. Philosophy was once for the 1st time confronted with a global during which technical enlargement was once so common that technology used to be changing into an increasing number of topic to the sphere of instrumentality, with its ends decided through the imperatives of financial fight or warfare, and with its epistemic prestige altering consequently. the ability that emerged from this new relation used to be unleashed through the international wars. operating his method in the course of the background of the Aristotelian evaluate of technics, the writer engages the information of a variety of thinkers―Rousseau, Husserl, and Heidegger, the paleo-ontologist Leroi-Gourhan, the anthropologists Vernant and Detienne, the sociologists Weber and Habermas, and the platforms analysts Maturana and Varela.
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What's a technical item? in the beginning of Western philosophy, Aristotle contrasted beings shaped through nature, which had inside of themselves a starting of move and relaxation, and man-made gadgets, which failed to have the resource in their personal construction inside themselves. This ebook, the 1st of 3 volumes, revises the Aristotelian argument and develops an cutting edge overview wherein the technical item will be visible as having a vital, distinctive temporality and dynamics of its personal.
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Extra info for Technics and Time, 1: The Fault of Epimetheus (Meridian: Crossing Aesthetics) (No. 1)
Nature is consigned by technics in this sense: nature has become the assistant, the auxiliary; in similar fashion, it is exploited by technics, which has become the master. For nature to be thus exploited and consigned, it has to be considered as ground, reserve, available stock for the needs of the system that modern technics forms. " This reflexive—making oneself—designates us, us humans. Now, is technics a means through which we master nature, or rather does not technics, becoming the master of nature, master us as a part of nature?
The presence of a technological universality would then have to be proven, which Gille not only fails to do but does not even begin to do. André Leroi-Gourhan, on the other hand, starts from this very hypothesis. We have just seen the historian of technics taking up mainly two questions: firstly, that of a dynamism inherent in technics organized into a system, functioning according to its own at once rational and determinist logic; and secondly, that of a relation of such a dynamic system to the other systems, and hence of its incorporation into the global historical scheme.
Gille 1978, 48) In other words, the logic of invention is not that of the inventor. One must speak of a techno-logic, of a logic literally driving technics itself. Must one speak of a technological reason? A proof of techno-logical universality would then be required, which Gille does not offer; the question as such does not arise. It is, however, the very object of reflection for Leroi-Gourhan, for whom a universal technical tendency exists, largely independent of cultural localities where it becomes concretized as technical fact, and where it can precisely enter into conflict with local cultures that accomplish it since it is universal while they are particular.