The Army Air Forces In World War II: Volume 2, Europe: Torch by Wesley Frank; & James Lea Cate Craven

By Wesley Frank; & James Lea Cate Craven

IN March 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt wrote to the Director of the Bureau of the price range ordering each one struggle employer to arrange "an actual and target account"of that agency's battle adventure. quickly after, the military Air Forces all started hiring specialist historians in order that its background may well "be recorded whereas it truly is sizzling and that group of workers be chosen and an organization organize for a transparent historian's activity with out awl to grind or safety to prepare." An historic department used to be tested in Headquarters military Air Forces less than Air Intelligence, in September 1942, and the fashionable Air strength historic application all started. With the tip of the conflict, Headquarters licensed a plan for writing and publishing a seven-volume heritage. In December 1945, Lieutenant common Ira C. Eaker, Deputy Commander of military Air Forces, requested the Chancellor of the collage of Chicago to "assume the accountability for the book" of the heritage, stressing that it needs to "meet the top educational standards." Lieutenant Colonel Wesley Frank Craven of latest York college and significant James Lea Cate of the collage of Chicago, either one of whom have been assigned to the historic application, have been chosen to be editors of the volumes. among 1948 and 1958 seven have been released. With booklet of the final, the editors wrote that the Air strength had "fulfilled in letter and spirit" the promise of entry to records and whole freedom of old interpretation. like several background, the military Air Forces in international conflict II displays the period whilst it was once conceived, researched, and written. even if, those books met the top of latest specialist criteria of caliber and comprehensiveness. They include info and event which are of significant worth to the Air strength this day and to the general public. jointly they're the single finished dialogue of military Air Forces task within the biggest air struggle this kingdom has ever waged. RICHARD H. KOHN leader, workplace of Air strength heritage

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Extra info for The Army Air Forces In World War II: Volume 2, Europe: Torch to Pointblank, August 1942 to December 1943

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Auchinleck’s headquarters was separate; Montgomery moved back with the RAF. (Cf. Francis de Guingand, Operation Victory, p. ) 28 CRISIS I N T H E M I D D L E EAST escorting of the bombers to hammer the enemy airdromes. T o construct its airdromes t I I Group controlled a detachment of Royal Engineers; to protect the fields, it provided armored-car squadrons and an antiaircraft brigade. Its fighter types consisted of the obsolescent Hurricane, American-made Tomahawks and Kittyhawks (P-4oD’s and E’s), and Spitfires, the last considered the best answer to the Me-109, although the Kittyhawk could handle it under I 2,000 feet.

Crew. +’~ Developments since Pearl Harbor had furnished fresh evidence of the importance of air power in the Middle East. In Libya, where the Axis armies were almost totally dependent on sea transportation for their sustenance, secure sea communications were a primary requisite for success. The ably led British Mediterranean Fleet had almost cut off Graziani’s supplies at one point in 1940, but of late its surface operations had been greatly circumscribed by the Luftwaffe. However, British submarine and air forces working from Malta and Egypt had been able to redress the balance, so much so that when Rommel began his comeback from El Agheila in January 1942 he started with three days’ rations and subsisted mainly on British stores in his drive to the Egyptian frontier.

A variation of this eastern route involved a passage through the Corinth Canal and a stopover at Crete. '9 THE A R M Y AIR FORCES IN WORLD WAR I1 Convoys plying these lanes were given aerial as well as naval protection. On the southward runs from Greece and Crete the Germans provided day-fighter escort, Me-109’s or I 10’s from both Libya and Crete, the Me- I 10’s carrying antisubmarine bombs and depth charges which they jettisoned on approach of hostile aircraft. During the summer of 1942, the enemy introduced a new feature to ease his maintenance problem at Alamein-tank landing craft (F-boats) which sailed in convoy from Tobruk to Matruh.

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