By Svami Satya Prakash Sarasvati And Dr Usha Jyotishmati (Ed. )
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Extra resources for The Bakhshali Manuscript: an Ancient Treatise of Indian Arithmetic
Sible to rediscover the term implied. (2) They got a good deal from them, and particularly all their later us. tronomy came from the Greeks. q 3 a1') tis alrtrq) t3 (qi) Q. (¢qst) 30 Bakhshali Manuscript Illustration Ai Just to show how the problems me treated in the Bakhshali Manuscript, we shall reproduce one it ustration: (Folio I, verso and 11, rect -)). to The sutra means change b b+a and quotations from it a-e given on Folios 1, verso and 2, verso. ewhat as follows : The combined capitals of five merchants less one-half of that of the first, one-third that of the second, one-fourth that of the third one-fifth that of the fourth, or one-sixth that of the fifth is equal to the cost of a jewel.
See also the Brahrnasphuta-Siddhanta, New Delhi, 1968. ) gives a very few examplt t a. M:1ll,\ 1) ) gives a copious number of examples for each rule". flu calls thetas uddesaka*. But he too does not give solution The first writer Io give statements (nyasa) as well as answers of his examples called, udaharana is Sridliara (c. 750 A. )°. Then comes Bhatihanta. These writers have not recorded working of their solution. And no other Hindu writer is known to have given any verification of the solution of their examples.
664 57966615 We have in the 'Sulba sutras (Baudhayana, c 800 B. ) the value of V-27 and the other surds, not only obtained by geometric devices but also by the process of continued fraction. Kaye is awefully mistaken in asserting that the "Square-root" rule was not used by the Hindus and was not even noticed by them until the sixteenth century. Rule of Three The term trairasika*1 "relating to three quantities" occurs in the Bakhshali Manuscript about a dozen times-always employed in the sense of arithmetical proportion.