By Zoltan Torey
In The Crucible of Consciousness, Zoltan Torey deals a conception of the brain and its significant position in evolution. He strains the evolutionary step forward that rendered the mind available to itself and indicates how the mind-boosted mind works. He identifies what it really is that separates the human's self-reflective attention from mere animal know-how, and he maps its neural and linguistic underpinnings. And he argues, controversially, that the neural technicalities of reflective wisdom may be neither algorithmic nor spiritual--neither a working laptop or computer nor a ghost within the laptop.
The human brain is exclusive; it isn't in simple terms the epicenter of our wisdom but additionally the outer restrict of our highbrow succeed in. to not clear up the riddle of the self-aware brain, writes Torey, is going opposed to the evolutionary thrust that created it. Torey proposes a version that brings right into a unmarried concentration the entire components that make up the puzzle: how the mind works, its practical elements and their interactions; how language advanced and the way syntax developed out of the semantic substrate in terms of neural transactions; and why the mind-endowed mind deceives itself with entelechy-type impressions.
Torey first lines the language-linked emergence of the brain, the subsystem of the mind that allows it to concentrate on itself. He then explores the program: how recognition works, why it isn't obvious to introspection, and what experience it makes within the context of evolution.
The "consciousness revolution" and the integrative concentration of neuroscience have made it attainable to make concrete previously mysterious rules concerning the human brain. Torey's version of the brain is the logical final result of this, highlighting a coherent and significant position for a reflectively conscious humanity.
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Additional resources for The Crucible of Consciousness: An Integrated Theory of Mind and Brain (MIT Press)
These motor functions use words to activate percepts (semantic objects), which they sequentially align and then communicate. The mechanism that does this is language, whether vocal or signed. Electrodes attached to respective organs of speech (for example, Perspective 23 “throat” for its vocal and “ﬁngers” for its signed variant) conﬁrm that one and the same neural operation is responsible. In view of this equivalence of speaking and thinking, the combined term of speech-thought will be used to designate the underlying function.
Perhaps we had better not pursue the problem. —E. H. Lenneberg (1967), The Biological Foundations of Language The self-aware human brain is unique. It generates in us the image of the world and the experience of our having this image. It is not clear how this is done, but we have reason to believe that language lies at the heart of the matter. Let us therefore ignore Lenneberg’s advice and get inside “the chicken and egg” circularity, and ﬁnd out how it all began. Starting with the brain’s developmental background, we must try to identify qualitative changes (changes in design) as distinct from the overall expansion of the hominid brain.
This milieu was populated by a sizeable company of species that was better equipped to face up to the contingencies of the terrain. Consequently, the somewhat undersized hominids must have found themselves outclassed, outfought, and outrun. These circumstances necessitated that they form cooperative teams or packs, whose effectiveness had to depend on coordinated action. However—and this is a crucial point—since the neurosomatic equipment for carrying out such cooperative operations could no longer be furnished by instinctual behavior, coping skills had to be acquired through imitation and learning.