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Nicolai Hartmann used to be probably the most prolific and unique, but sober, transparent and rigorous, twentieth century German philosophers. Hartmann was once stated as a Neo-Kantian, yet quickly grew to become his again on Kantianism to turn into essentially the most vital proponents of ontological realism. He built what he calls the "new ontology," on which is based a scientific opus facing all of the major components of philosophy. His paintings had significant impacts either in philosophy and in numerous medical disciplines. The contributions gathered during this quantity from a global workforce of Hartmann students and philosophers discover topics comparable to Hartmann's philosophical improvement from Neo-Kantianism to ontological realism, the variation among the best way he and Heidegger overcame Neo-Kantianism, his Platonism bearing on everlasting items and his interpretation of Plato, his Aristotelianism, his theoretical relation to Wolff's ontology and Meinong's idea of gadgets, his therapy and use of the aporematic process, his metaphysics, his ethics and conception of values, his philosophy of brain, his philosophy of arithmetic, in addition to the impact he had on twentieth century philosophical anthropology and biology.
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Additional resources for The Philosophy of Nicolai Hartmann
Moreover, the former appear to be more special than paired categories. The most relevant difference between the two groups, however, is that paired categories range over both the real and the ideal spheres of being, while the singletons range over the real sphere of being only. They are precisely the general categories that mark the irreducible difference between real and ideal being. From a categorial point of view, one can say that temporality and related categories are less fundamental than elemental oppositions because they are only real categories.
The same intuition applies to the other levels as well: biological and psychological processes are as real as any other process, and they have their own specific groups of categories. One of the most intriguing aspects of Hartmann’s theory of levels of reality is the question of what kinds of relation connect the levels to each other. From a categorial point of view, however, the problem of what relations connect levels can be easily solved. Leaving general categories aside, two main categorial situations can be distinguished: (a) Being A and B are categorially different because the categories upon which the former is founded are partially different from the categories upon which the latter is founded, in the sense that the latter is founded on new categories (which implies that the latter includes at least a novum, a new category not present in the former); (b) Being A and B are categorially different because the categories upon which the former is founded and those upon which the latter is founded form two entirely different (disjointed) groups of categories.
The solution of the antin6 7 Cf. ” Cf. ” Chapter 2: Nicolai Hartmann’s Aporetics 45 omy is thus to be found in the very assumptions that caused the antinomy. The principle of consciousness is an essential law of consciousness.