By Jack Goody
Within the robbery of heritage Jack Goody builds on his personal earlier paintings to increase extra his hugely influential critique of what he sees because the pervasive Eurocentric or occidentalist biases of lots western ancient writing, and the ensuing 'theft' via the West of the achievements of alternative cultures within the invention of (notably) democracy, capitalism, individualism and love. Goody, one of many world's so much amazing anthropologists, increases questions on theorists, historians and technique, and proposes a brand new comparative method of cross-cultural research which permits for extra scope in analyzing background than an East as opposed to West variety.
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Additional info for The Theft of History
40 A socio-cultural genealogy on the characteristic modes of behaviour’. The Mediterranean was an area of rain-fed agriculture (seen as a critical advantage for Europe by other Eurocentric writers such as Mann50 ), specializing in the cultivation of olive trees, whereas the river valleys of Egypt and Mesopotamia needed a complex social organization to make the irrigation systems work. But as Finley recognizes the Greeks under Alexander (d. 323 ) and later on the Romans controlled precisely those irrigated areas and to the north of the Mediterranean developed great expertise in water control, though not mainly for farming.
Making it henceforward the most densely urbanised region of the Ancient World’34 . ’ Technology and urban life are areas of human activity in which one can trace specific advances over the long term in a way that is difficult to do with other aspects of human life. 35 ‘Other cultures’ were equally ‘civilized’ in a very general sense. However, even as far as technology was concerned, the Greeks were not the only builders of cities, even though their ruins were so impressive for later inhabitants of the region.
The promotion of the alphabet (by Lenin for example) as ‘the revolution of the East’ was the counterpart of his promotion of the nation state in opposition to multinational empires, since the former supposedly produced the best conditions for the development of capitalism and therefore socialism. It was a very eurocentric position. 20 One of the features of the transition from Archaic Greece to Antiquity was the loss of literacy and of Linear B. The notion of a period of illiteracy between the late Bronze Age and the Iron Age in Greece has been contested by Bernal,21 who sees the West Semitic alphabet as having been diffused in the Aegean before 1400 and as therefore overlapping with Linear B.