VLSI Physical Design: From Graph Partitioning to Timing by Igor L. Markov, Andrew B. Kahng, Jens Lienig, Jin Hu

By Igor L. Markov, Andrew B. Kahng, Jens Lienig, Jin Hu

Layout and optimization of built-in circuits are necessary to the construction of latest semiconductor chips, and actual optimizations have gotten extra favorite due to semiconductor scaling. sleek chip layout has develop into so advanced that it's principally played through really good software program, that is often up-to-date to handle advances in semiconductor applied sciences and elevated challenge complexities. A consumer of such software program wishes a high-level realizing of the underlying mathematical versions and algorithms. nonetheless, a developer of such software program should have a willing realizing of desktop technological know-how features, together with algorithmic functionality bottlenecks and the way numerous algorithms function and have interaction. VLSI actual layout: From Graph Partitioning to Timing Closure introduces and compares algorithms which are used through the actual layout part of integrated-circuit layout, in which a geometrical chip structure is produced ranging from an summary circuit layout. The emphasis is on crucial and primary concepts, starting from hypergraph partitioning and circuit placement to timing closure.

Show description

Read Online or Download VLSI Physical Design: From Graph Partitioning to Timing Closure PDF

Best textbook books

Sociology (14th Edition)

Macionis empowers scholars to appreciate the area round them via a sociological lens, to allow them to larger comprehend sociology and their very own lives.
 
Sociology, 14th variation is written to aid scholars locate and use sociology in daily life. With an entire theoretical framework and a world viewpoint, Sociology deals scholars an available and correct advent to sociology.
 
 

Leakage in Nanometer CMOS Technologies (Integrated Circuits and Systems)

Covers intimately promising options on the gadget, circuit, and structure degrees of abstraction after first explaining the sensitivity of a number of the MOS leakage resources to those stipulations from the 1st ideas. additionally taken care of are the ensuing results so the reader is aware the effectiveness of leakage energy relief suggestions less than those various stipulations.

VLSI Physical Design: From Graph Partitioning to Timing Closure

Layout and optimization of built-in circuits are necessary to the production of latest semiconductor chips, and actual optimizations have gotten extra well-liked due to semiconductor scaling. smooth chip layout has develop into so complicated that it's mostly played via really expert software program, that is usually up to date to deal with advances in semiconductor applied sciences and elevated challenge complexities.

Psychology in Action (10th Edition)

Within the tenth version of Psychology in motion, writer Karen Huffman redefines and refocuses her message of "active learning". this is often mirrored as "Student Engagement via energetic Participation". All in-text pedagogy (including the recent MythBuster field) are subsumed less than this substantial classification making it more straightforward for reps to concretely show this subject.

Additional resources for VLSI Physical Design: From Graph Partitioning to Timing Closure

Sample text

Thus, poly should be used sparingly, and most of the routing done in metal layers. Routing through multiple metal layers requires vias. 35 μm process, the typical resistance of a via between two metal layers is 6 ȍ, while that of a contact is significantly higher – 20 ȍ. As technology scales, modern copper interconnects become highly resistive due to smaller cross sections, grain effects that cause electron scattering, and the use of barrier materials to prevent reactive copper atoms from leaching into the rest of the circuit.

5 A Framework for Multilevel Partitioning Among the partitioning techniques discussed so far, the Fiduccia-Mattheyses heuristic offers the best tradeoff between solution quality and runtime. In particular, it is much faster than other techniques and, in practice, finds better partitions given the same amount of time. Unfortunately, if the partitioned hypergraph includes more than several hundred nodes, the FM algorithm may terminate with a high net cut or make a large number of passes, each producing minimal improvement.

Its height is a multiple of a library-specific fixed dimension. In the standard-cell methodology, the logic design is implemented with standard cells that are arranged in rows. A macro cell is a cell without pre-defined dimensions. , an SRAM or CPU core, and possibly having discrete dimensions, that can be incorporated into the IC physical design. A pin is an electrical terminal used to connect a given component to its external environment. At the level of block-to-block connections (internal to the IC), I/O pins are present on lower-level metal layers such as Metal1, Metal2 and Metal3.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.79 of 5 – based on 31 votes